Spain is the leader of organic agricultural area in Europe and occupies the fifth place in the global ranking of largest areas for organic agriculture with 2.01 million hectares. This information cames from “Spanish Organic Sector 2018”, an Ecological inform.

Organic agricultural area and crops

After a year of strong growth in the registered organic agricultural area in 2014-2015 with an increase of 18.34%, this trend slowed down in the 2015-2016 period, with a growth of just 2.5%, the equivalent of 50,000 hectares.

The 2.01 million hectares have ranked Spain as the European leader in production, followed by Italy with 1.80 million hectares and France with 1.54 million hectares.

However, this figure contrasts with the growth of the agricultural area compared to the previous year. According to FIBL data, the 50,000 recently created hectares in Spain contrast with the more than 300,000 hectares in Italy and 215,000 hectares in France that have been incorporated in the last year and that threaten Spain’s European leadership.

The land distribution of the organic agricultural area nationally shows that production is mainly concentrated in Andalucía, with 48.4% of the total, almost half of the total area devoted to organic production, followed by Castilla-La Mancha with 19.4% and Cataluña with 8.5%.

The main crops are permanent pastures, that represent 52% and occupy 1.05 million hectares, which is more than half of the available agricultural area, followed by grains with 0.21 million hectares, olives with 1.96 million hectares, nuts with 1.35 million hectares and vineyards 1.06 million hectares.

Organic certified operators

During the 2014-2016 period, the consolidation process of the operators of the Spanish organic sector has been steady. The global figures of operators that comprise national producers exceeds 41,700, increasing by 19.7% in two years.